Earlier civilisations than the Moors had seen the introduction of the orange to Spain and the cultivation of them had already started in many areas of Asia. However, when the Roman Empire fell in the 5th century, the orange became almost non-existent in Europe and it was not until several centuries later that the Moors reintroduced it after their conquest of the Visigoths in Spain.
The sweet variety of orange did not come into existence until much later and was eventually introduced by the second excursion of Christopher Columbus to the New World. Spain's most popular varieties are the Sanguin – the blood orange and the other is one of the most famous varieties commonly used to make juice in Florida, California and Brazil which is known as the estimable Valencia.
For maximum health benefits, the orange is best eaten as a whole fruit. Though, the most common intake of this special fruit is consumed through the drinking of its juice. It is also used to flavour other drinks such as alcohol, food and other products. Used regularly, the vitamin C and other helpful properties can help to support the body's natural defences against diseases such as Parkinson's and can help to prevent incitement towards asthma, arthritis and cancer.
Besides the fruit: the blossom and the wood of the orange tree are also used to make many different types of products. Hives are placed in citrus groves to produce a distinctive variety of honey. Orange blossom is used to make perfume and these are also dried to make tea in Spain. The wood of the orange is used to make cuticle pushers (a manicurist's tool for hand grooming) and is popular for burning as a fuel to flavour delicate meats such as fish and chicken. The waste such as discarded rind is used by gardeners as a slug repellent.
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